Substance Abuse – Cocaine | Pacific Solstice

SUBSTANCES

Cocaine

Our outpatient treatment for cocaine addiction is available now!

Cocaine can be snorted while in the powered form, injected into the veins after dissolving in water, or smoked. It is also used to produce crack, which is smoked, producing a short, intense high. Cocaine has two main pharmacological actions. It is both a local anesthetic and a central nervous system stimulant—the only known drug to possess both of these properties. In the early stages of cocaine use the positive effects include a generalized state of euphoria, in combination with increased energy, feelings of confidence, mental alertness, and sexual arousal. As users come down from their high, some experience temporary, unpleasant reactions, which may include anxiety, agitation, restlessness, irritability, and insomnia. Other negative effects with prolonged use are paranoia, confusion, and an inability to perform sexually. With continued use of cocaine, the user becomes increasingly tolerant of the positive effects while the negative effects, such as depression, steadily intensify. Prolonged use may result in problems with the respiratory, cardiovascular, and central nervous systems. Chronic cocaine use can also lead to hospital emergency room visits, prompted by chest pain or palpitations, psychiatric complaints ranging from altered mental states to suicidal ideation, and neurological problems including seizures and delirium. Cocaine use may also lead to death by overdose.

FREQUENCY

According to SAMHSA’s

  • 1.5 million (0.7%) people used cocaine (including crack).
  • People aged 18 to 25 were more than twice as likely to use cocaine compared with other adults.
  • Men were twice as likely to use cocaine compared with women.

At Pacific Solstice Rehab, with our evidenced based treatment in an outpatient setting, we can help you and your loved one heal from cocaine abuse and learn how to stay sober.

Behavioral Health Services